Question are based on the following passage.
The following is an excerpt by Lord Chesterfield in a letter to his son written in 1747.
Women have, in general, but one object, which is their beauty; upon which scarce any flattery is too gross for them to follow. Nature has hardly formed a woman ugly enough to be insensible to flattery upon her person; if her face is so shocking that she must, in some degree, be conscious of it, her figure and air, she trusts, make ample amends for it. If her figure is deformed, her face, she thinks, counterbalances it. If they are both bad, she comforts herself that she has graces, a certain manner, a je ne sais quoi still more engaging than beauty. This truth is evident from the studied and elaborate dress of the ugliest woman in the world. An undoubted, uncontested, conscious beauty is, of all women, the least sensible of flattery upon that head; she knows it is her due, and is therefore obliged to nobody for giving it her. She must be flattered upon her understanding; which, though she may possibly not doubt of herself, yet she suspects that men may distrust.
Do not mistake me, and think that I mean to recommend to you abject and criminal flattery: no; flatter nobodyâ€™s vices or crimes: on the contrary, abhor and discourage them. But there is no living in the world without a com- plaisant indulgence for peopleâ€™s weaknesses, and innocent, though ridiculous vanities. If a man has a mind to be thought wiser, and woman handsomer, than they really are, their error is a comfortable one to themselves, and an innocent one with regard to other people; and I would rather make them my friends by indulging them in it, than my enemies by endeavoring (and that to no purpose) to undeceive them.
The following is an excerpt by Samuel Clemens in a lecture given in 1882 on advice to youth.
Now as to the matter of lying. You want to be very careful about lying; otherwise you are nearly sure to get
caught. Once caught, you can never again be, in the eyes of the good and the pure, what you were before. Many a young person has injured himself permanently through a single clumsy and ill-finished lie, the result of careless- ness born of incomplete training. Some authorities hold that the young ought not to lie at all. That, of course, is putting it rather stronger than necessary; still, while I cannot go quite so far as that, I do maintain, and I believe I am right, that the young ought to be temperate in the use of this great art until practice and experience shall give them that confidence, elegance, and precision which alone can make attention to detail â€“ these are the require- ments; these, in time, will make the student perfect; upon these, and upon these only, may he rely as the sure foun- dation for future eminence.
What is inferred in the sentences, â€œAn undoubted, uncontested, conscious beauty is, of all women, the least sensible of flattery upon that head; she knows it is her due, and is therefore obliged to nobody for giving it her. She must be flattered upon her understanding; which, though she may possibly not doubt of herself, yet she suspects that men may distrustâ€ Passage (1), lines (6â€“9)?